The earth consists of trace amounts of more than 200 minerals that contain boron. Here are answers to commonly asked questions about boron and its health and safety effects and benefits.
Commercial and experimental applications of boron-based materials to improve both anodes and electrolytes indicate substantial benefits to batteries.
Borosilicate glass is the foundation for all heat-resistant glass applications and the myriad of products they make possible—from halogen lightbulbs to liquid crystal displays.
Borates and perborates offer benefits in detergency, and although they have been incorporated into soaps and washing powders for many years, their potential has not been fully understood or realized.
Many different borates can be used to produce laundry detergents, household or industrial cleaners, and personal care products.
Cellulose, the basis of wood, cotton, and most other plant-derived raw materials, is in widespread industrial use. It is inherently flammable in many of its forms—paper being a typical example.
In glazes, boric oxide reduces melting temperature and improves glaze/body fit. It enhances glaze appearance and can improve chemical and mechanical durability.
The mined ore is sorted, crushed, milled, and classified. A concentration procedure is then employed such as gravity concentration or flotation followed by cyanidation or amalgamation.
Gypsum board is widely used for internal walls and ceilings by the construction industry, and is a material of growing importance in the do-it-yourself sector.
Borates are well established and widely used in the manufacture of industrial fluids such as antifreezes, lubricants, brake fluids, metalworking fluids, water treatment chemicals and fuel additives.
Borates are used in the production of steel and non-ferrous metals, alloys, rare earth magnets, amorphous metals, welding fluxes and plating compounds.
Starch is a natural polymeric product and is found in almost every plant. Today, the principal sources of most commercial starches are maize, potato, tapioca and wheat.