Ammonium pentaborate is a product resulting from the controlled reaction of ammonia, water, and boric acid.
The mined ore is sorted, crushed, milled, and classified. A concentration procedure is then employed such as gravity concentration or flotation followed by cyanidation or amalgamation.
A general review of non-ferrous metallurgy and lead recovery.
Borate applications in metallurgy include steel production and refining, non-ferrous metal refining, precious metal recovery, fluxes, jewelry making, and some non-flux applications.
Borates are used in the production of steel and non-ferrous metals, alloys, rare earth magnets, amorphous metals, welding fluxes and plating compounds.
Steel slags have a variety of compositions and, after cooling, take various forms. Most steel slags form hard rock-like materials upon cooling. However some slags, principally those from the production of stainless steel, form dusty powders.
To make wire, metal rods are drawn through dies of successively decreasing diameter. Lubricant is necessary to reduce friction between the rod and the die.
Composed of boric oxide, sodium oxide, and water, Borax Decahydrate is a mild, alkaline salt, white and crystalline, with excellent buffering and fluxing properties.
Boric oxide is a hard glassy material, granular in texture. Exposed to the atmosphere it slowly absorbs water, reverting to boric acid.
Dehybor is a product resulting from the dehydration and fusion of borax. It is a hard, glassy material, granular in texture.
Neobor is the most common form of sodium borate used in industry. Consisting of white crystalline granules or powder it is mildly alkaline in solution.
Optibor is a pure, multifunctional source of boric oxide. Apart from borax pentahydrate, they are the most widely used industrial borate.